History of creation and developing python language

History of creation

Sometimes, things happen, like your side project has become the most popular language in the world.
Let me introduce to you Guido van Rossum, creator, developer and as he called himself ‘’Benevolent Dictator For Life”.
Fat and with beard creator of python
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Guido van Rossum
More than 6 years ago, in December 1989, I was looking for a “hobby” programming project that would occupy me for a week during Christmas... I chose Python as the title for the project name, while being in a slightly comatose state (and big fan of Monty Python's Flying Circus)

Reasons to exist

To understand why Python was conceived the way it is now and why it became so popular. Let’s go backwards and find out the goals first.
Knowing the goals and the fact that development began in 1989. And just for a second, so you understand the context in which Python was born. There was Internet, but there were no websites yet.
Chevron For those interested, the first website was published in May 1990 for the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) by Timothy John Bernes-Lee, here is his domain, info.cern.ch
There were no search engines like Google or Yandex; there were Internet catalogs and local networks of universities, where students corresponded using the IRC protocol to chat with each other. Back then C and C++ was dominant languages. They are complex, and if you wanted to write an intelligent program, you first had to understand them, the languages.
Popularity of programming languages over time
All the information and statistics from https://www.tiobe.com website
Being a programmer was difficult. There is no Internet, no one will tell you what and how to do things, you had to do everything by yourself. He (Guido) wanted to make the lives of fellow programmers a little easier.
In the late 80s, it was impossible to simply find a ready-made solution. And the Amoeba operating system, which was developed at CWI and on which Guido worked, required an extensible scripting programming language.
And so, Guido had a couple of free weeks, which he devoted to a new “hobby”. This hobby captured him and kept him for more than a year. And in February 1991, he published the source code of the language.
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Guido van Rossum
Python is an experiment in how much freedom programmers need. Too much freedom and nobody can read another's code; too little and expressiveness is endangered.

About creator

I briefly mentioned Guido van Rossum in the previous chapter, which is of course incorrect. Let’s talk about him.
Today's developers dream of creating a unicorn company, making a lot of money and walking off into the sunset. Do you think Guido retired when he created Python? No. Having developed the language in 1989-1991, he continued to be the head of the project until 2018. The last word was always his.
So, Guido van Rossum. Born on January 31, 1956 in The Hague (Netherlands - 🇳🇱). Graduated from the University of Amsterdam, majoring in mathematics and computer science.
Full face of Guido van Rossum
He won such awards as the Free Software Award (in 2001) and in 2002 from the Dutch Association of UNIX Professionals.
At one time he worked at Google and Dropbox. Now at Microsoft. Guido wrote about his departure from Google:
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Guido van Rossum
After seven years at Google, I was ready for some change in my environment when an offer came from Dropbox. By and large, my job hasn't changed much.
After leaving Dropbox in 2018 and a short and boring retirement, after 2020, he got a job at Microsoft.
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Guido van Rossum
I decided that retirement was boring and joined the development team at Microsoft

About name, how it happens

On October 5, 1969, the pilot episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus aired on BBC1. This is a surreal sketch comedy with a length of 4 seasons, a total of 45 episodes.
These are the pictures Google gave me.
Inspired by the series, that Christmas weekend in '89, Guido named his project Python. I think he doesn't take this project too seriously.
And indeed, Guido, commenting on the origin of the name, spoke about a hobby, some kind of entertainment for Christmas. Accordingly, there is no point in thinking about the name for a long time.
But we know the result, 30 years later. Almost the most popular programming language in the world.

About the logo. Two snakes ?

From 1994 (the release of python 1.0) to 1997 there was no official logo. But there were many unofficial ones:
Not official logo of python 1 Not official logo of python 2 Not official logo of python 3 Not official logo of python 4 Not official logo of python 5
And since 1997, the first official logo began to be used.
Official logo of python from 1996 to 2006
Guido didn't bother with the logo. He chose a random font and simply typed the word python. By the way, almost all developers of those times did this.
And since 2006, we have a familiar and recognizable logo to us.
Official logo of python from 2006
Where do the snakes come from? In general, python evokes a very direct association — python, that is, a snake. Both in magazines and on websites of those times, amateur images of snakes often appeared that referred to Python.

Evolution of python

Before 1.0

It all started as a Christmas hobby in December '89. The first version, numbered 0.9.0, was published on alt.sources in February 1991

From 1.0 to 2.0

The official, first version numbered 1.0 appeared 3 years later in January 1994.
The popularity grew and already in 1994 a forum dedicated to the language was created, news:comp.lang.python, Where, as everywhere else, beginners ask questions, and cool programmers answer them.
Before Guido continued development at CNRI, and this has been since 1995. Versions 1.1 and 1.2 were also released.
The last released version in CNRI was 1.6. And release was fraught with some difficulties. You see, in 2000, the bulk of python developers moved to BeOpen.com without finishing version 1.6. CNRI demanded its release (Команда из BeOpen.com занималась 2.0). That is, the development was carried out simultaneously, which imposed some difficulties.
But even there, our developers did not work for long, releasing only one version 2.0. Almost immediately after the release of 2.0, Guido and the developers from PythonLab moved to Digital Creation.

From 2.0 to 3.0

Development continued, and the developers began to think about protecting their rights and works. This is how the Python Software Foundation. was founded in 2001.
Starting with version 2.2 (this is December 2001), it can be considered a big date because now python can be considered a completely object-oriented programming language.
Language version 2.7 was the last in this 2.x branch. The developers announced that there would be no further versions of the two and, if possible, advised to switch immediately to 3.4 and higher ( latest stable version).
Initially, it was supposed to support 2.7 until 2015, but then at the PyCon 2014 conference Guido delivered a clear message that support for 2.7 would be extended for another 5 years until 2020.

From 3.0 to ...

Python 3.0 was released in December 2008. This was the first backwards incompatible version. Fundamental flaws that were not compatible with previous versions have been fixed.
At the time of the end of support for version 2.7, that is, in 2020, 3.8 had already been released. The language no longer underwent any major fundamental changes.

Python release dates and periods of support

Expiration date of python versions

Areas of application

To answer this question, just go to the PyPI page and look at the number of topics. There are a lot of them.
So, Python is used in the following areas:
If I missed something, please write.

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